Rubella in pregnancy

Rubella in pregnancy


Rubella in pregnancy is a serious disease that can lead to malformation of the baby and therefore should be prevented through vaccination.
Rubella is an infectious disease caused by virus type Rubivirus , which is usually transmitted through secretions such as saliva, in intimate contact, and kissing. Usually younger individuals up to the age of young adults are the most infected, which aggravates the chances of acquiring the disease during pregnancy.

Symptoms of rubella in pregnancy

Symptoms of rubella in pregnancy are similar to those demonstrated by any individual with the disease and include:
  • Headache;
  • Muscle pain;
  • Low-grade fever up to 38 ° C;
  • Cough with phlegm;
  • Joint pain;
  • Swollen glands;
  • Red spots on the face and the body.
Symptoms can take up to 21 days to appear, but transmission of the virus can occur from infection within 5 days after the appearance of red spots on the skin. However, in some cases rubella may not show any symptoms and so their diagnosis can only be confirmed by the presence of immunoglobulin IgM or IgG in the blood test.

Rubella in pregnancy consequences

The consequences of rubella in pregnancy can be congenital rubella, which can lead to miscarriage or fetal malformations such as:
  • Deafness;
  • Blindness;
  • Cataracts;
  • Heart problems;
  • Injuries of the nervous system;
  • Aneurysm;
  • Mental retardation;
The risk of rubella transmission to the baby is higher in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Treatment of rubella in pregnancy

Treatment of rubella in pregnancy is to control the symptoms that women feel because there is no cure for rubella. Usually the treatment is done with antipyretic drugs and analgesics, such as acetaminophen, associated with rest and fluid intake by pregnant.
The best form of prevention is to perform the triple-viral vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella up to 28 days before becoming pregnant. You should also avoid being around people in times of disease transmission or children infected with rubella.
If the woman has not been vaccinated before pregnancy, the Ministry of Health recommends vaccination soon after pregnancy and even during breastfeeding. Thus, the woman is protected from the disease, preventing transmission to the fetus of a pregnant follows.

No comments:

Post a Comment